80th Annual Meeting Livestream Program

All times are in U.S. Eastern Time Zone

Wednesday, May 3, 2023

8:30 am – 8:45 am ET – Opening Ceremony: International Partner – Nigeria

8:45 am – 9:45 am ET – Keynote Presentation: Sheldon Yellen

10:00 am – 11:40 am ET – General Session 1 

(10:00) Development of a Multi-site Learning Health Network to Facilitate Dissemination and Implementation of the ICHOM Standard Set for Cleft Care: ACCQUIREnet – Kristina Dunworth

(10:10) Educating NICCU Nurses to Standardize Care for the Infant Undergoing Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis – Sally Danto

(10:20) A Comparative Effectiveness Study of Speech and Surgical Outcomes and the Cleft Outcomes Registry-Research Network – CORNET: Study Design, Current Status, Opportunities, and Challenges – Kathy Chapman

(10:30) Associations of Demographic Characteristics, Cleft Morphology, and Treatment-Related Variables with Psychosocial Outcomes in Children with Cleft Lip and/or Palate – Canice Crerand

(10:40) Steps for Implementing Evidence-Based Care Guidelines with Multiple Stakeholders in a Tertiary Care Hospital Using the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) Model – Nichole Buswell

(10:50) Does Notching Along the Nasal Velar Surface During Nasopharyngoscopy Predict Discontinuity of the Underlying Levator Veli Palatini Muscle? – Jamie Perry

(11:00) 80 Years of ACPA: The Influences of History, Politics, War and Pandemics on Cleft and Craniofacial Care – Marilyn Cohen

(11:10) Effectiveness of Le Fort III Osteotomy for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) in Patients Affected by Craniofacial Synostoses – Fabio Mazzoleni

(11:20) White Matter Tracts in Children with Isolated Oral Clefts: Relationship to Word Reading Accuracy – Amy Conrad

(11:30) A Comparison of Early Speech Production in Children Who Have Cleft Palate With and Without Pierre Robin Sequence – Kari Lien

1:00 pm – 2:30 pm ET – Panels 1

Who We Are Is How We Lead: A Conversation About Love and Vulnerability in Team Leadership – Richard Kirschner, Oksana Jackson, Patricia Chibbaro, Brandon Kozar, and Gil Peri

2:45 pm – 4:15 pm ET – General Session 2A

(2:45) Patients or Providers on the Move: A Comparison of Team Day Patient Flow Models – Rachel McKenna

(2:55) Cleft Nurse Navigator: Early Life Interventions and Family Assistance for Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate – Connor Wagner

(3:05) Patient and Family Experiences of Craniosynostosis: Thematic Analysis of Online Discussion Boards – Kaamya Varagur

(3:15) A Self-Assessment Tool for the Evaluation of Team-Based Cleft and Craniofacial Care – David Fitzsimons

(3:25) From Novice to Expert: Tips for Successful Transition into the Role of a Craniofacial Care Coordinator – Erin Lowerhouse

(3:35) What Matters Most: Patient and Family Identified Priorities for a Multidisciplinary Cleft Lip and Palate Team Visit – Patricia Marik

(3:45) “Getting to Know You”: The Benefits of Collaboration with Family Partners for the Benefit of Patient Care in Cleft and Craniofacial Multidisciplinary Teams – Carlee Jones

(3:55) Primary Cleft Lip Repair as a Day Case Procedure – Serena Martin

(4:05) Improving the International Value of ACPA Membership – Serena Kassam

Thursday, May 4, 2023

7:00 am – 8:30 am ET – Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 1

Calibration of a Standard Assessment Protocol, Listener Ratings, and Documentation Among Cleft Team SLPs – Kelly Cordero, Jessica Williams, Kari Lien, Jennifer Philp and Elizabeth Alvarez-Montoya

8:45 am – 9:45 am ET – Research Keynote: Janice Lee

10:00 am – 11:40 am ET – Junior Investigator Session

(10:00) Genetic Subtypes of Apert Syndrome and an Observed Interaction with Early Life Airway Severity – Connor Wagner

(10:10) Development of a Hypernasality Screening Tool: An Innovative Approach using Mobile App, Crowdsourcing, and Artificial Intelligence – Andi Zhang

(10:20) A Calvarial Defect Murine Model for the Investigation of the Osteogenic Potential of Umbilical Cord Stem Cells in Alveolar Cleft Repair – Eloise Stanton

(10:30) Rates of Secondary Speech Surgery and Speech Outcomes at Skeletal Maturity Following Modified-Furlow Palatoplasty – Connor Wagner

(10:40) Denervation During Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis Results In Impaired Bone Formation – Ruth Tevlin

(10:50) Prevention of Unnecessary CT Imaging in Scaphocephaly: The Objective Implementation of 3D Photography – Griffin Bins

(11:00) Cranial Defect Reconstruction with Custom 3D-printed Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds: A Large Pre-Clinical Model – Griffin Bins

(11:10) A Multi-Institution Evaluation of Outcomes with Periorbital Steroids in Fronto-Orbital Advancement – Daniel Cho

(11:20) Acrylated Hyaluronic-Acid Based Hydrogel for the Treatment of Craniofacial Volumetric Muscle Loss – Lucas Rohrer

(11:30) Socioeconomic Disparities in Failure to Thrive and Weight Gain for Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate – Dillan Villavisanis

1:00 pm – 2:00 pm ET – Panels 2

Controversies in the Evaluation and Management of Hearing Issues in Children with Clefts and Craniofacial Conditions – Amelia Drake, Emily Gallagher, John Dahl, Shana Jacobs, Samantha Atkinson and Lauren Leeper

2:15 pm – 3:15 pm ET – Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 2

Rethinking the Cleft Care Continuum – Vomerine Flap Closure of the Hard Palate at Time of Cleft Lip Repair – Oksana Jackson, Raymond Tse, Thomas Sitzman and Sameer Shakir

3:30 pm – 5:00 pm ET – Panels 3

Challenges and Controversies in Feeding, Nutrition, and Growth for Infants with Cleft – Carrie Heike, Lauren Madhoun, Sylvie Render, Sarah Vetter, Gregory Fulton, Mariah Kassuhn, Karla Haynes, Christy McKinney, Laura Garcia, Canice Crerand, Melisande Ploutz, Amy Mendillo and Thomas Sitzman

5:15 pm – 6:35 pm ET – Short Talks 1 (Surgical)

(5:15) Buccal Myomucosal Flaps for Velopharyngeal Insufficiency in Patients with Cleft Palate: Speech Outcomes and Predictors of Hypernasality Resolution – Nicole Kurnik

(5:20) Readability Analysis of Pediatric Cleft Lip and Palate Spanish and English Language Patient Education Materials – Lauren Powell

(5:25) Computer Tomographic Measurement of Parietal Bone Thickness to Predict Perioperative Morbidity of Extended Sagittal Suturectomy for Isolated Sagittal Craniosynostosis – Austin Grove

(5:30) Development of a Simulation Tool for Teaching Alveolar Bone Grafting – Ema Zubovic

(5:35) The Use of Resorbable Fixation in Posterior Cranial Vault Distraction Osteogenesis – Daniel Cho

(5:40) Projected Augmented Reality: An Innovation for Surgical Guidance During Cleft Surgery – Lohrasb Sayadi

(5:45) Critical Care Utilization of Patients with Robin Sequence after Palatoplasty – Stephanie Cohen

(5:55) Facial Image Workflow in Cleft & Craniofacial Patients: Early Experience with a Novel Mobile Phone Application – Michael Golinko

(6:00) Comparative Analysis of Surgical Morbidity of Secondary Frontal Orbital Advancement After Primary Frontal Orbital Advancement for Syndromic and/or Multisutural Craniosynostosis – Austin Grove

(6:05) The Association of Age at Surgery and Behavioral Function in Children with Surgically Corrected Metopic Craniosynostosis – Mariana Almeida

(6:10) AI Radiographic Severity Assessment and Age of Surgery Associated with Neurocognitive Outcomes in Metopic Craniosynostosis – Mariana Almeida

(6:15) Comparison of Methodologies for Craniofacial Soft-tissue Cephalometrics: The Value of Virtual Reality – Kevin Yang

(6:20) Airway Change After Primary Furlow Palatoplasty: Comparison Between Conventional and Small Double-Opposing Z-plasty – Tsung-De Lin

(6:25) Secondary Cleft Lip/Nasolabial Deformities: A Refined and Modified Classification – Wassim Najjar

Friday, May 5, 2023

7:00 am – 8:00 am ET – Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 3

Use of Videoconferencing for the Assessment of Feeding in Infants with Cleft Palate – Mariana Arroyo Flores, Naomi Schneider, Anna Meehan, Alyssa Fogolin, Lauren Madhoun, Carrie Heike and Canice Crerand

8:30 am – 10:00 am ET – Concurrent Sessions 1

Management of Bilateral Alveolar Clefts – Hitesh Kapadia, Bonnie Padwa, James MacLaine, Jeffrey Hammoudeh and Ramon Ruiz

10:15 am – 11:35 am ET – CLP Surgery 1

(10:15) Secondary Alveolar Bone Grafting Timing Comparison in Non-syndromic Complete Cleft Lip and Palate: A Volumetric CBCT Study – Puttipong Sripinun

(10:25) Failure Rates Based on Alveolar Cleft Size: An Analysis of the Critical Size Defect for rhBMP-2/DBM and ICBG in Alveolar Cleft Repair – Idean Roohani

(10:35) What Defines ‘Success’ in Autologous Alveolar Cleft Bone Grafting? A Meta-analysis of 132 Studies with  8751 Patients – Akriti Choudhary

(10:45) A National Analysis of Adverse Events between Outpatient versus Inpatient Alveolar Bone Grafting – Idean Roohani

(10:55) Alveolar Grafting Outcomes Associated with Surgical Premaxillary Repositioning in Cleft Lip and Palate: Bone Morphogenetic Protein (rhBMP-2) versus Iliac Crest – Cristiano Tonello

(11:05) Assessment and Validation of Preoperative Three-Dimensional Volumetric Analysis to Predict Bone Graft Success in Alveolar Cleft Reconstruction – Pasha Shakoori

(11:15) One Stage versus Two Stage Alveolar Bone Grafting for Repair of Bilateral Cleft Palate – Kiersten Woodyard

(11:25) The Need for Subsequent Soft Tissue Alveoloplasty Following Buccal Flap Palatoplasty – John Girotto

1:00 pm – 2:30 pm ET – Session Title: CLP Surgery 3

(1:00) Use of Maxillary Nerve Blockade in an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Pathway for Primary and Revision Cleft Palate Repair – Mohammad Esfahanian

(1:10) Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol for Cleft Palate Repair – Samuel Hopper

(1:20) Enhanced Recovery after Cleft Palate Surgery: Protocol Development and Implementation in Outreach Settings – Robert Younan

(1:30) Effect of COVID-19 Lockdowns on Timing of Cleft Palatoplasty – Ibrahim Khansa

(1:40) The Impact of Sociodemographic Disparities on Access to and Outcomes of Cleft Palate Repair in the United States: A Systematic Review of the Literature – Naikhoba Munabi

(1:50) The Implications of Pregnancy Termination Policy on Cleft Lip and Palate Incidence – Alexandra Junn

(2:00) Furlow Palatoplasty as Day Case Surgery – A Regional Cleft Unit Experience – Neala Glynn

(2:10) CLEFT-Q Value Added: Quantifying Clinical Benefit of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measure in Routine Outpatient Visits – Lauren Salinero

(2:20) Evolution of Field Cleft Surgery Experience: A Ten-Year Review – Ifeanyichukwu Onah

4:00 pm – 5:30 pm ET – Dentistry/Orthodontics

(4:00) The New 3D-printed Nasoalveolar Molding Appliance or the Expectable Manual Technique, Which is Better? Results from a Randomized Comparative Trial – Mohamed Abd El-Ghafour Omar

(4:10) Correction of Severe Vertical Excess of the Premaxilla in Growing Patients with Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Patients Avoiding the Need for Premaxillary Osteotomy – Maria Meazzini

(4:20) Orthodontic Pre Grafting Closure of Large Alveolar Bony and Soft Tissue Gaps: Nonsurgical Protraction of the Lesser Segments in Growing Patients With Cleft Lip and Palate – Maria Meazzini

(4:30) Circummaxillary Sutural Maturation in Surgically Treated Cleft Lip and Palate: Method of Classification and Clinical Implications – Maria Meazzini

(4:40) Cephalometric Changes Associated with Late Maxillary Protraction vs. LeFort I Surgery – Stephen Yen

(4:50) “Presurgical Infant Orthopedics in LMICs: Demographic Variables, Results’ Quality, and Access Analyzed Through Smile Train STX Database” – Daniela Tanikawa

(5:00) Maxillary Growth Patterns Following Buccal Flap Cleft Palate Reconstruction – John Girotto

(5:10) Comparison of Furlow and Straight Line Repair Techniques on Transverse Dental Arch Dimensions and Extent of Orthodontic Intervention – Collean Trotter

(5:20) Nasal Molding System for Improved Outcomes in Primary Cleft Nasal Deformity – Martha Mejia

On-Demand Sessions

All livestreamed sessions will be recorded and available after the meeting.

These additional sessions are being recorded and will be available to you after the meeting. Please allow up to 2 weeks for us to create the archive. You will receive an email with instructions for accessing the recordings as soon as they are ready. Please note that the deadline to complete the evaluation to receive credit is June 9, 2023.


Panels 1

Patient Centered Research in Robin Sequence – Experiences from the Stakeholder Alliance for children with RS (StARS) Project – Jonathan Skirko, Kelly Evans, Christina Roth, Deborah Kacmarynski, Brian Wilson, and Tabitha Wilson

General Session 2B

Cleft Care in Nigeria – Outcome in the Past Sixteen Years, and Aspirations for the Next Decade – Fadekemi Oginni

Increasing Access to Otolaryngology Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Sustainable Approach – Sara Horne

Psychosocial Intervention Model for Patients and/or Families Affected by Craniofacial Clefts: Life’s Project – Camila Osorio

Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 1

MRI for VPI: Implementing and Interpreting MRI of the Velopharynx – Jamie Perry, Jessica Williams, Taylor Snodgrass, Davinder Singh and Thomas Sitzman

Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 1

Orthognathic Surgery for Craniofacial Patients – Cheng-Hui Lin, Chun-Shin Chang, Pang-Yun Chou and Lun-Jou Lo

Panels 2

ASCFS Panel, 21st Century Solutions to the Most Complex Problems in CF Surgery: Microsurgery and VSP – Jesse Taylor, Steve Henry, Colin Brady, Chad Purnell and Lee Alkureishi

Panels 2

Five Centers Look at Perioperative Alveolar Bone Graft Care – Melisande Ploutz, Megan Halvorson, Payton Leonhardt, Eve Rorison and Clare Gargaro

Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 2

An Overview of ADHD for Cleft Team Providers – Yvonne Gutierrez, Amy Conrad and Alexis Johns

Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 2

Craniofacial Grand Rounds: Case Studies for the Speech-Language Pathologist – David Zajac and Linda Vallino-Napoli

Panels 3

Nothing About Us Without Us: Affirmative Community Approaches – Georgia Tania Karalioliou, Dina Zuckerberg, Eric Riklin, Kathleen Bogart, Lisa Rubin and Phyllida Swift

Panels 3

The Role of Speech-language Pathology Between Palate Repair and the First Resonance Assessment – Kari Lien, Nancy Scherer, Natalie Wombacher, Jessica Williams and Kelly Cordero

Short Talks 2 (Non-Surgical)

Increasing Show Rate and Team Capacity in a Multidisciplinary Cleft and Craniofacial Center: A Quality Improvement Project – Carlee Jones

A Qualitative Analysis of the Positive Effects of Living with a Craniofacial Condition: The Patient and Parent Perspective – Caitlyn Belza

Implementing Interactive Activities that Promote Well-being in a Virtual Support Group for Adolescents with Craniofacial Conditions – Eric Riklin

A Community Based Craniofacial Team Day Facilitates Optimism and Psychosocial Support Among the Families of Children with Cleft Lip and Palate – Myles LaValley

Generic Quality of Life Pre- and Post-Treatment for Class III Malocclusion with Protraction or Orthognathic Surgery in Youth with Cleft Lip and Palate – Alexis Johns

Integrating Psychology Services into a Pediatric Multidisciplinary Craniofacial Team – Eric Riklin

Poor Availability and Readability of Spanish Patient Educational Materials for Cleft Lip and Palate — Review of the Nations’ Top Children’s Hospitals – Golddy Saldana

Does Sociocultural Background Influence Parent Perceived Health Related Quality of Life for Children with Congenital and Trauma-related Craniofacial Differences? – Karen Leung

Congenital Craniofacial Conditions Compared to Facial Traumatic Injuries: An Age-Stratified Analysis of Health-Related Quality of Life – Caitlyn Belza

Using CLEFT-Q to Directly Augment the Bedside Clinical Encounter: Soliciting Patient Viewpoints Preoperatively and Sharing Results Postoperatively – Kristina Dunworth

Measurement Matters: Assessing the Impact of Differing Anatomic Measurement Techniques for Velar Length Using MRI – Kazlin Mason

Continuing Education Needs of SLPs for Treating Children with Cleft Palate: A National Analysis Across Areas of Varying Population Density – Katelan Rogers

Identifying Undiagnosed Syndromes by the Presence of Congenital Anomalies and Comorbidities among Children in the Cleft Collective Cohorts – Sarah Lewis

Social Work in Action Towards the Professional Empowerment in a Craniofacial Malformation Center – Sonia Mesquita

Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 3

Psych 101: Psychosocial Needs and Interventions Across the Lifespan – Patricia Marik, Cassandra Aspinall, Canice Crerand, Laura Garcia, Alexis Johns, Leanne Magee, Nicola Stock and Meredith Albert

Instructional Courses & Study Sessions 3

Strategies for Optimizing Audiologic Assessments and Minimizing Sedation for Young Children with Cleft Lip/palate and Craniofacial Conditions – Alexander Allori, Krista Roper, Daniel King, Christine Holmes, Karma Tockman, Jeff Cheng, Eileen Raynor, Anna Maria Fernandez and Carlee Jones

ASCFS Linton Whitaker Lecture – Irene Mathijssen

Concurrent Sessions 1

Evidence-Based Speech Therapy Intervention – Triona Sweeney, Linda Vallino-Napoli, Cassandra Alighieri, Debbie Sell, Jill Titterington and Emilie Hagberg

Psychosocial/Quality of Life

The Impact of Age and Sex on Patient/Guardian-Reported Psychosocial Outcomes in Children with Cleft/Craniofacial Differences – Peter Dinh

Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Assessment of Health and Psychosocial Outcomes in Young Children with Cleft Palate – Canice Crerand

Mental Health in Children and Adolescents with Sagittal Synostosis – Rachel Roberts

Toolkit for Navigating Appearance-focused Conversations and Promoting Acceptance of Diverse Appearances in Children Aged 4-11 Years – Jade Parnell

Early Medical and Surgical Experiences of Caregivers of Children with Craniofacial Microsomia – Alexis Johns

Increasing Craniofacial Care Provider Competence in Addressing Mental Health Concerns – Laura Garcia

Depression and Patient-Reported Psychosocial and Speech Outcomes in Patients with Cleft Lip and/or Palate – Lauren Salinero

Facial Mimicry and Emotion Recognition in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate – Robert Brinton Fujiki

Motivational Interviewing to Improve Adherence in Craniofacial Care – Laura Garcia

Speech/VPI 1

Development of Consistent Velopharyngeal Closure for Stop Consonants in Children with Repaired Cleft Palate – David Zajac

Accounting for Linguistic Diversity in English-Spanish Speaking Toddlers with Cleft Palate: Use of a Bilingual Vocabulary Scoring Protocol – Chelsea Sommer

Do Patient-specific Anatomic Factors in the First Year of Life Influence Speech Outcomes for Children with Cleft Palate at Age Three? – Kazlin Mason

Investigating Relationships Between Severity Ratings of Perceptual Speech Characteristics: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis – Sara Kinter

Comparing Speech-Language Profiles of Children with Nonsyndromic and Syndromic Craniosynostosis – John Munday

Exploration of a Cleft-Specific Outcomes Registry: Influence of Age, Phenotype, and Treatment Center on Speech Quality – Kristina Dunworth

Prevalence and Consistency of Obligatory Nasal Turbulence During Production of Stop Consonants in Children with Repaired Cleft Palate – David Zajac

How Many Speech and Jaw Surgeries are Necessary? A Review of 164 Patients with Veau 3&4 Clefts Followed to Maturity; Comparing Results of Repairs Based on the Anatomic Cleft Restoration Philosophy (ACRP) with Traditional/Hybrid Repairs – Robert Mann

Understanding the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Early Language Development of Children Born with Cleft Lip and/or Palate – Lucy Southby

Craniofacial Surgery 2

Natural History of Costochondral Grafts for Hemifacial Microsomia: 24-Year Experience of a Single Surgeon – Carlos Barrero

Pruzansky Classification Predicts Airway Severity in Hemifacial Microsomia – Carlos Barrero

Surgical Correction of Orbital Malposition: Indications for the Use of the Box Osteotomy and Facial Bipartition – Eric Nagengast

Perioperative Morbidity of Midface Advancement in Patients with Syndromic Craniosynostosis: Risk Stratification of Transcranial Approaches – Matthew Pontell

Soft Tissue Changes Following Midface Surgery: A Comparison Between LeFort III and Monobloc Frontofacial Advancement – Connor Wagner

Factors Predicting Final Jaw Position following Cleft Lip or Palate in Skeletally Mature Patients – Michael Edgar

Maxillary Segmental Distraction to Close Large Alveolar Cleft Defects: A Long-term Follow-up Study – Michael Lypka

The Use of 3D Technology in Reconstruction of the Mandible in Children with Craniofacial Microsomia Using Costochondral Grafts – Omri Emodi


Prenatal Diagnosis of Facial Clefts- Does it Matter? – Alyssa Valenti

Attributes that Increase Vulnerabilities to Reduced Human Milk Feeding Outcomes Among Babies with Cleft Lip and Palate Admitted to the NICU – Neda Tahmasebifard

Growth Velocity in U.S. Children with Orofacial Clefts in the First 6 Months of Life – Christy McKinney

Current Post-Operative Feeding Practices Following Cleft Lip and Palate Repair for Infants with Cleft Palate – Jessica Williams

Educational Material Related to Feeding Utensils for Babies with Cleft Lip and Palate – Maria Natalia Leite de Medeiros-Santana

“I Can’t Provide What My Child Needs”: Early Feeding Experiences of Caregivers of Children with Craniofacial Microsomia – Bruna Costa

A Beginner’s Guide to Lactation Counseling: Educating and Empowering Families of Newborns with Clefts about the Benefits of Breast Milk – Melisande Ploutz

Patient Experiences with and Perceptions of Challenges in Orofacial Cleft Care in South Carolina – Carlos Martinez

CLP Surgery 4

Comparative Outcomes Assessment of Velopharyngeal Insufficiency and Oronasal Fistula Following Modified Furlow versus Straight Line Palatoplasty—What Modifiable Factors Affect Outcomes? – David Cao

Anatomical and Physiological Changes Following Primary Palatoplasty Using the Buccal Flap Approach – Abigail Haenssler

Radical Overlapping Intravelar Veloplasty During Primary Cleft Palate Repair Results in Decreased Secondary Speech Surgery – Dale Podolsky

Comparing Surgical Costs and Risks of Traditional and Anatomic Cleft Restoration Philosophy-based Repairs: Framing the Full Cost & Risk Picture by Evaluating Direct Surgical Costs & Number of Surgeries Required by Completion of Treatment at Maturity – Robert Mann

Pain Management Outcomes in Primary Furlow Palatoplasty With and Without Buccal Flap Augmentation – Austin Lignieres

Analysis of Structural and Functional Outcomes of Primary Palatoplasty – Adeola Olusanya

Speech and Orthodontic Outcomes in One- versus Two-Stage Cleft Palate Repair: An Eight Year Follow-Up – Karen Leung

Longitudinal Experience with Palate Repair using an Interpositional Buccal Fat Pad Flap: Active Mitigation of the Risk and Severity of Velopharyngeal Insufficiency – Raquel Ulma

Single Stage Repair of Cleft Lip and Palate – The Experience of Two Centers in Nigeria – Ifeanyichukwu Onah


Hearing Loss in Patients with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome: A Review of 689 Patients – Jill Arganbright

Polysomnography in Children with 22q11.2 Deletion & 22q Duplication Syndrome: Relationship to Genetic Diagnosis, Parent-Reported Symptoms, and Calcium Levels – Dave Ingram

Outcomes After First Myringotomy Tube Insertion in Children with Cleft Pathology Treated at an Approved ACPA Centre – Claudia Malic

Trends in Dental Development Following Early Tongue Reduction in Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome – Matthew Pontell

The Effect of the Degree of Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis on Palatoplasty Timing in Patients with Micrognathia and Cleft Deformities – Collean Trotter

Burden of Care of Delayed Extubation Following Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis – Collean Trotter

Radiographic Evidence of Dental Complications Following Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis: Inverted-L versus Straight Osteotomy – Carlos Barrero

Characterizing Intranasal Anatomy and Airway Morphology in Patients with Dentofacial Deformities: A Retrospective Study – Nicolas Kaplan